Suspension is a familiar and mysterious component of the car. In some details, many owners may not know much about it. If it is professionally explained, it may seem boring. So today we will introduce it to everyone. Some of the things that are hanging from the chassis. The most important of these is the difference between the torsion beam and the multi-link. See the text.
Suspension is a familiar and mysterious component of the car. In some details, many owners may not know much about it. If it is professionally explained, it may seem boring. So today we will introduce it to everyone. Some of the things that are hanging from the chassis. The most important of these is the difference between the torsion beam and the multi-link.
First, the classification and characteristics of the suspension
The suspension is roughly divided into two categories, one is a two-wheel independent work with independent interference, the multi-link is an independent suspension; the other is a non-independent suspension that directly connects the two wheels together. The torsion beam is in the category of non-independent suspension.
We know that the multi-link suspension is characterized in that each wheel operates independently, and one side of the wheel encounters the hole and will bear it by itself, and will not be transmitted to the other side of the car, which in a certain sense guarantees the comfort of the occupants in the car. Sex, but this process is more complicated and takes up space, and the control will be weaker, of course, the price is also high;
The characteristics of the torsion beam suspension are that the structure is simple, does not occupy space, and has strong maneuverability. The most important thing is low cost, so it is also adopted by a wide range of models.
Second, the pros and cons of torsion beam and multi-link
So, is the low-cost, small-spaced torsion beam suspension really bad? And multi-link independent suspension must be very good, very "unique"? In fact, each suspension has its own characteristics, should be combined with the specific model use, equipped with the corresponding suspension, strengths and weaknesses to provide the final solution.
For example, some vehicles that emphasize handling will use torsion beam suspension, such as Honda's signature Civic (parameter | picture) Type-R and Golf 7, etc. If you use independent suspension, although it is comfortable, it will affect the integrity of the body, that is, We often say that if you want to be comfortable, don't control it. If you want to control it, don't think about it.
So independent suspension must be independent? Some multi-links are not purely independent suspensions if strictly differentiated as required. Because the independent suspension is based on the fact that the two wheels operate independently and do not interfere with each other, but in some models, in order to prevent the lateral displacement of the independent suspension, a lateral stabilizer bar is added between the two wheels. Connection, then naturally can not be considered an independent suspension.
to sum up:
In fact, in a strict sense, there is no absolute non-independent and independent suspension. Non-independent suspensions will also ensure ride comfort by adding springs and various damping settings. The independent suspension will also stabilize the body through a crossbar, so everyone It is you who have me, I have you. It is the right choice to match the suspension that suits you according to your budget and the purpose of your car.